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How to grow Turnip from Sprouting to Produce at home-Karatfarms

Updated: Jun 9, 2022

This guide will help you:

✅ Choose the right planter for Turnip.

✅ Make a potting mix for Turnip.

✅ Show you where to grow the Turnip at home.

✅ And also give you a schedule to add nutrients and water for the plant.

Excited to start? check out the sections in the article to read faster.

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Sections in this article:

Botanical Name : Brassica rapa

Hindi Name : शलजम

Kannada Name : ನವಿಲುಕೋಸು

Tamil Name : டர்னிப்

Telugu Name : టర్నిప్

Family : Brassicaceae

Native : Middle east asia

Vegetable garden grow red turnip at home, terrace, balcony
Red turnip ready to harvest

Materials needed to grow Turnip

Soil: Well-drained organic soil (loose) or enriched potting mixture (free from pest and disease)

pH: The ideal pH of plant is 5.5 to 7

Planting container size : A good drainage 14 to 16 inch diameter and 12-18 deep inches ideal.

Where do I grow Turnip at home?

Climate: It is a cool-season crop. It commonly grows in cool and moist conditions.

Temperature : The ideal temperature range from 10 -18 C

Sun light : The sun light requirement more than 6 hrs

Type of plants : Root vegetable (Annual)

Starting my Turnip plant

Season : Best season for grow in winter (Jan, Oct, Nov, and Dec)

Propagation : The turnip is propagated by seeds.

Planting depth : 2-3cm depth then cover the seeds

Germination time: Germination starts from 5-10 days after the seed sown.

Caring for my Turnip plant

Planting : The normal spacing between plant to plant 15cm.

Water requirement: Watering once a day. Avoid watering rainy days.

Nutrient: Apply well decomposed plant and animal waste manures and also bone meal or blood meals and liquid fertilizers.

Harvest time: The turnip is ready for harvest after 55-60 days of planting. The root diameter will increase up to 10cm (Ready for harvest) depending on variety, season, and soil nutrient condition.

Plant protection for my Turnip plant

Major Pest


Organic methods to control :

Neem oil spray 2-5ml per / liter.

Aphids, Flea beetles and mustard sawfly

Spray the insecticide Imidacloprid 70 % WG 0.5 g / lit or 1-1.5 ml/ lit or azadirachtin 1.0% EC 3ml/ lit.

Major diseases:

Alternaria blight

To control to spray Mancozeb g/ lit of water.

White rust

To control the white rust, application of copper oxychloride 2g/ lit or Mancozeb g/ lit of water.

Plant care and maintenance
  • Apply regular organic nourishment for the plants

  • Weekly once neem spray to reduce the pest and diseases.

  • Thinning (remove the overcrowded unhealthy leaves & plant)

  • Remove the older and unhealthy affected leaves and branches of plants and its give regular air circulation into the all the branches of plants its help full for disease-free plant

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