This guide will help you:
✅ Choose the right container for blue/black tomatoes.
✅ Make a potting mix for blue/black Tomato.
✅ Where to grow the blue/black tomato at home.
✅ And also give you a schedule to add nutrients and water for the plant.
Excited to start? check out the sections in the article to read faster.
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Sections in this article:
Botanical Name: Lycopersicon esculentum
Materials needed to grow Blue/Black Tomato.
Soil: Well-drained loamy organic soil or enrich potting mixture (free from pest and disease)
pH: The ideal pH of the plant is 6 to 7.5
Planting container size: A good drainage 8 to 16-inch diameter and 8-14 deep inches ideal.
Where do I grow Blue/Black Tomato at home?
Temperature: it's suitable for all Indian weather conditions except frost. For best temperature between 21 to 32 C
Sunlight: The sunlight requirement more than 7 hrs
Climate: Tomato is a warm season-loving crop. The best fruit color and quality is obtained at a temperature range between 21-24°C. Temperatures above 32o C adversely affect the fruit set and development. The plants cannot withstand frost and high humidity.
Type of plants: Annual plant (5-6 months)
Starting my Blue/Black Tomato plant.
Season: Best season for growth (Jan, Feb, June, July, Oct, Dec)
Propagation: Propagated by Seeds.
Planting depth: 2-3 cm depth then cover the seeds
Germination time: Germination starts from 5-7 days after the seed is sown.
Planting: The normal spacing between plant to plant 30 cm to 30cm and minimum plant spacing 20 cm to 20cm.
Caring for my Blue/Black Tomato plant.
Water requirement: Watering should be done when it's necessary a day. Avoid over watering and keep well-drained.
Nutrient: Apply well decompose plant and animal waste manures and also bone meal or blood meals and also liquid fertilizers.
Flowering: Flowers will start after 80-90 after planting.
Harvest time: The fruit is ready for harvest after 90-100 days of planting. It's continually growing up to 6 months for good plant care.
Edible part: Partial mature fruit
Plant life span: Up to 6 months
Plant protection for my Blue/Black Tomato
1. shoot and Fruit borer
Organic methods to control Neem oil spray 2-5 ml per / liter.
Set up pheromone traps @ 2 Nos
Collection and destruction of damaged fruits and grown-up caterpillars.
Remove the affected shoots and fruit.
Spray the insecticide Dimethoate 30 % EC 2 ml/ lit or Flubendiamide 20 WDG 1-1.5 ml/ lit or azadirachtin 1.0% EC 3ml/ lit or chlorpyrifos 20 %EC 1.5 ml/ lit.
Azadirachtin 1.0% EC 3ml/ lit
Serpentine leaf miner
Spray Neem Seed Kernel Extract 5 %.
Whitefly and aphids
control spray Neem oil 2-5ml per / liter or imidacloprid 17.8 % SL 2-3 ml / liter or dimethoate 30 % EC or Fipronil 5% SC 1-2 ml/ lit or phosphamidon 40 %SL 1.5 ml/ lit or Dicofol 18.5 % SC 2 ml / liter of water orThiamethoxam 25 % WG 0.5ml/ lit.
Install yellow sticky traps @2/ha to attract the adult.
Apply carbofuran 3% G @ 40 kg /ha or spray any one of the following insecticides
Soil application of Bacillus subtilis (BbV 57) or Pseudomonas fluorescens as seed treatment @ 1g/100g of seeds and soil application (SA) @ 2g / one square feet for the management root-knot and reniform nematode infestation in soil and root. Application of liquid formulation of Bacillus subtilis (BbV 57) or Pseudomonas fluorescens @ 1 ml/ 1 square feet through drip irrigation for the management of root-knot nematode in tomato
To control the damping off treat with seed trichoderma viride 0.5g or Pseudomonas as soil application. Drench Copper oxychloride at 2-2.5g/ liter of water.
To control spot spray neem oil 2-5 ml or mancozeb 2g/ lit or copper oxychloride 2.5g/ lit
Spray systemic insecticides like methyl demeton or dimethoate @ 2 ml/lit. to kill the insect vector, whitefly.
Tomato spotted wilt disease
Carbofuran 3 G @ 2g/ lit and 3 sprays of phosalone 35 EC @ 1.5 ml/lit @ 25 , 40, 55 days after transplanting
Plant care and maintenance
Apply regular organic nourishment for the plants
Weekly once neem spray to reduce the pest and diseases.
Plants require little water when necessary and avoid overwatering.
Need staking for support and better growing
Remove the older and unhealthy affected leaves and branches of plants and its give regular air circulation into the all the branches of plants its help full for disease-free plant
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