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How to grow Organic Brinjal or Eggplant in Container at home-Karatfarms

Updated: Jun 9, 2022

This guide will help you:

✅ Choose the right planter for Brinjal.

✅ Make a potting mix for Brinjal.

✅ Show you where to grow the Brinjal at home.

✅ And also give you a schedule to add nutrients and water for the plant.

Excited to start? check out the sections in the article to read faster.

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Sections in this article:

Botanical Name: Solanum melongena

Hindi Name: बैंगन

Kannada Name : ಬದನೆಕಾಯಿ

Tamil Name: கத்தரிக்காய்

Telugu Name: వంకాయ

Family: Solanaceae

Native: India

Vegetable garden grow brinjal at home, terrace, balcony
Brinjal plant in flowering stage

Materials needed to grow brinjal

Soil: Well-drained organic soil or enriched potting mixture (free from pest and disease)

pH: The ideal pH of the plant is 6 to 7.5

Planting container size: A good drainage 8 to 16-inch diameter and 8-14 deep inches ideal.

Where do I grow brinjal at home?

Temperature: It's suitable for all Indian weather conditions except frost. For best temperature between 21 to 32 C

Sunlight: The sunlight requirement more than 7 hrs

Climate: It is a hardy crop commonly growing in warm and dried weather conditions.

Type of plants: Annual plant.

Starting my brinjal plant.

Season: Best season for growth (Jan, Feb, June, July, Oct, Dec)

Propagation: The brinjals are propagated by seeds.

Planting: The normal spacing between plant to plant is 15cm to 20cm.

Planting depth: 2-3 cm depth then cover the seeds.

Caring for my brinjals

Water requirement: Watering should be done when it's necessary once a day. Avoid over-watering and keep the container well-drained.

Nutrient: Apply well decompose plant and animal waste manures/ bone meal/ blood meals/ liquid fertilizers.

Harvest time: The brinjal is ready for harvest after 110 -120 days of planting. It's continually growing up to 5-8 months with good plant care.

Edible part: Partial mature fruit.

Plant life span: Up to one year.

Plant protection

Major Pest

Shoot and Fruit borer Management :

Organic methods to control Neem oil spray 2-5ml per / liter.

Remove the affected shoots and fruit.

Spray the insecticide Dimethoate 30 % EC 2 ml/ lit or Flubendiamide 20 WDG 1-1.5 ml/ lit or azadirachtin 1.0% EC 3ml/ lit or chlorpyrifos 20 %EC 1.5 ml/ lit.

Epilachna beetle

Azadirachtin 1.0% EC 3ml/ lit

Sucking pest (Aphids, Ash weevil white fly and Red spider Mites )

To control spray Neem oil 2-5ml per / liter or imidacloprid 17.8 % SL 2-3 ml / liter or dimethoate 30 % EC or Fipronil 5% SC 1-2 ml/ lit or phosphamidon 40 %SL 1.5 ml/ lit or Dicofol 18.5 % SC 2 ml / liter of water.

Major diseases

1. Damping-off

To control the damping-off treat with seed Trichoderma viride 0.5g or Pseudomonas as soil application. Drench Copper oxychloride at 2-2.5g/ liter of water.

2. Leaf spot

To control spot spray neem oil 2-5 ml or mancozeb 2g/ lit or copper oxychloride 2.5g/ lit

3. Little leaf of brinjal

Spray neem oil 2-5 ml/ lit or methyl demeton 30 EC at 1-2 ml/ liter of water

Vegetable garden grow brinjal at home, terrace, balcony
Brinjal seedlings

Plant care and maintenance
  • Apply regular nourishment for the plants

  • Weekly once neem spray on leaves to reduce the pest and diseases.

  • Plants require little water when necessary and avoid overwatering.

  • Remove the older and unhealthy affected leaves and branches of plants and its give regular air circulation into the all the branches of plants

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