Updated: Jun 9
This guide will help you:
✅ Choose the right planter for Brinjal.
✅ Make a potting mix for Brinjal.
✅ Show you where to grow the Brinjal at home.
✅ And also give you a schedule to add nutrients and water for the plant.
Excited to start? check out the sections in the article to read faster.
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Sections in this article:
Botanical Name: Solanum melongena
Hindi Name: बैंगन
Kannada Name : ಬದನೆಕಾಯಿ
Tamil Name: கத்தரிக்காய்
Telugu Name: వంకాయ
Materials needed to grow brinjal
Soil: Well-drained organic soil or enriched potting mixture (free from pest and disease)
pH: The ideal pH of the plant is 6 to 7.5
Planting container size: A good drainage 8 to 16-inch diameter and 8-14 deep inches ideal.
Where do I grow brinjal at home?
Temperature: It's suitable for all Indian weather conditions except frost. For best temperature between 21 to 32 C
Sunlight: The sunlight requirement more than 7 hrs
Climate: It is a hardy crop commonly growing in warm and dried weather conditions.
Type of plants: Annual plant.
Starting my brinjal plant.
Season: Best season for growth (Jan, Feb, June, July, Oct, Dec)
Propagation: The brinjals are propagated by seeds.
Planting: The normal spacing between plant to plant is 15cm to 20cm.
Planting depth: 2-3 cm depth then cover the seeds.
Caring for my brinjals
Water requirement: Watering should be done when it's necessary once a day. Avoid over-watering and keep the container well-drained.
Nutrient: Apply well decompose plant and animal waste manures/ bone meal/ blood meals/ liquid fertilizers.
Harvest time: The brinjal is ready for harvest after 110 -120 days of planting. It's continually growing up to 5-8 months with good plant care.
Edible part: Partial mature fruit.
Plant life span: Up to one year.
Shoot and Fruit borer Management :
Organic methods to control Neem oil spray 2-5ml per / liter.
Remove the affected shoots and fruit.
Spray the insecticide Dimethoate 30 % EC 2 ml/ lit or Flubendiamide 20 WDG 1-1.5 ml/ lit or azadirachtin 1.0% EC 3ml/ lit or chlorpyrifos 20 %EC 1.5 ml/ lit.
Azadirachtin 1.0% EC 3ml/ lit
Sucking pest (Aphids, Ash weevil white fly and Red spider Mites )
To control spray Neem oil 2-5ml per / liter or imidacloprid 17.8 % SL 2-3 ml / liter or dimethoate 30 % EC or Fipronil 5% SC 1-2 ml/ lit or phosphamidon 40 %SL 1.5 ml/ lit or Dicofol 18.5 % SC 2 ml / liter of water.
To control the damping-off treat with seed Trichoderma viride 0.5g or Pseudomonas as soil application. Drench Copper oxychloride at 2-2.5g/ liter of water.
2. Leaf spot
To control spot spray neem oil 2-5 ml or mancozeb 2g/ lit or copper oxychloride 2.5g/ lit
3. Little leaf of brinjal
Spray neem oil 2-5 ml/ lit or methyl demeton 30 EC at 1-2 ml/ liter of water
Plant care and maintenance
Apply regular nourishment for the plants
Weekly once neem spray on leaves to reduce the pest and diseases.
Plants require little water when necessary and avoid overwatering.
Remove the older and unhealthy affected leaves and branches of plants and its give regular air circulation into the all the branches of plants