How to Grow Green Chilli (Mirchi) from Seed in Container in Five Easy Steps-Karatfarms

Updated: Jun 9

This guide will help you:

✅ Choose the right planter for chilli.

✅ Make a potting mix for chilli.

✅ Show you where to grow the chilli at home.

✅ And also give you a schedule to add nutrients and water for the plant.


Excited to start? Check out the sections in the article to read faster.


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Sections in this article:

#1 Materials needed to grow chilli.

#2 Where do I grow chilli at home?

#3 Starting my chilli plant.

#4 Caring for my chilli plant.

#5 Plant protection for my chilli



Hindi Name: मिर्च

Kannada Name : ಮೆಣಸಿನಕಾಯಿ

Tamil Name: ಮೆಣಸಿನಕಾಯಿ

Telugu Name: మిరపకాయ

Botanical Name:Capsicum annuum

Family: Solanaceae

Native: Mexico


Vegetable garden grow chilli at home, terrace, balcony
Ready to harvest chilli

Materials needed to grow chilli.

Soil: Well-drained rich organic soil or enrich potting mixture (free from pest and disease)

pH: The ideal pH of the plant is 6.5 to 7.5 (neutral soil)

Planting container size: A good drainage 8 to 16-inch diameter and 8-14 deep inches ideal.


Where do I grow chilli at home?

Temperature: The ideal temperatures for growing chilli range between 21 to 32 C

Sunlight: The sunlight requirement more than 7 hrs

Climate: It is commonly cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical conditions. It required both warm and humid dry weather conditions. Plant growth will be affected when heavy rainfall occurs as well as when it reaches above 37 C in summer.

Type of plants: Annual plant (5-6 months)


Starting my chilli plant.

Season: Best season for growth in spring (Jan, Feb, June, July, Sep and Oct)

Propagation: The Chilli is propagated by seeds.

Planting: The normal spacing between plant to plant 15cm to 20cm and closer spacing 10-15cm is ideal.


Caring for my chilli plant.

Water requirement: Watering should be done when it's necessary a day. Avoid overwatering and keep well-drained.

Nutrient: Apply well decompose plant and animal waste manures and also bone meal or blood meals and also liquid fertilizers.

Harvest time: The chilli is ready for harvest after 100-120 days of planting. It's continually growing up to 5-8 months for good plant care.

Edible part: Green and red chilli

Plant life span: 5-8 months


Plant protection for my chilli

Major Pest


Fruit borer Management :


Vegetable garden fruit borer in chilli
Fruit borer in chilli

Organic methods to control insects set up pheromone traps, Neem oil spray 2-5ml per/liter.

Spray the insecticide fipronil 5% SC 2 ml/ lit or Flubendiamide 480 SC 2.5 ml/ lit.


Sucking pests (Aphids,thrips, whitefly and mites )

To control spray Neem oil 2-5ml per / liter or imidacloprid 17.8 % SL 2-3 ml / liter or dimethoate 30 % EC or Fipronil 5% SC 1-2 ml/ liter of water


Major diseases


Damping-off


To control the damping off treat with seed trichoderma viride 0.5g or Pseudomonas as soil application. Drench Copper oxychloride at 2-2.5g/ liter of water.


Leaf spot


Vegetable garden chilli leaf spot
Chilli leaf spot

To control spot spray neem oil 2-5 ml or mancozeb 2g/ lit or copper oxychloride 2.5g/ lit


Powdery mildew

Spray wettable sulphur 3g/lit or carbendazim 1.5 g/ lit. 2-3 spray with 15

Fruit rot and anthracnose


Vegetable garden fruit rot in chilli
Fruit rot in chilli

Spray neem oil 2-5ml/lit or copper oxychloride 2.5g /lit.twice in 14 days.

Leaf curl virus


Vegetable garden chilli leaf curl
Chilli leaf curl

Destroy the affected plant control the aphid as an early stage to avoid to spread the virus




Plant care and maintenance
  • Apply regular organic nourishment for the plants

  • Plants require little water when necessary and avoid overwatering .

  • On rainy days flower drops will be heavy due to pollen washout or failure of fruit set.

  • Remove the older and unhealthy affected leaves and branches of plants and give regular air circulation to all the branches of plants




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