Updated: Feb 22
This guide will help you:
✅ Choose the right planter for chilli.
✅ Make a potting mix for chilli.
✅ Show you where to grow the chilli at home.
✅ And also give you a schedule to add nutrients and water for the plant.
Excited to start? Check out the sections in the article to read faster.
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Sections in this article:
Hindi Name: मिर्च
Kannada Name : ಮೆಣಸಿನಕಾಯಿ
Tamil Name: ಮೆಣಸಿನಕಾಯಿ
Telugu Name: మిరపకాయ
Botanical Name:Capsicum annuum
Materials needed to grow chilli.
Soil: Well-drained rich organic soil or enrich potting mixture (free from pest and disease)
pH: The ideal pH of the plant is 6.5 to 7.5 (neutral soil)
Planting container size: A good drainage 8 to 16-inch diameter and 8-14 deep inches ideal.
Where do I grow chilli at home?
Temperature: The ideal temperatures for growing chilli range between 21 to 32 C
Sunlight: The sunlight requirement more than 7 hrs
Climate: It is commonly cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical conditions. It required both warm and humid dry weather conditions. Plant growth will be affected when heavy rainfall occurs as well as when it reaches above 37 C in summer.
Type of plants: Annual plant (5-6 months)
Starting my chilli plant.
Season: Best season for growth in spring (Jan, Feb, June, July, Sep and Oct)
Propagation: The Chilli is propagated by seeds.
Planting: The normal spacing between plant to plant 15cm to 20cm and closer spacing 10-15cm is ideal.
Caring for my chilli plant.
Water requirement: Watering should be done when it's necessary a day. Avoid overwatering and keep well-drained.
Nutrient: Apply well decompose plant and animal waste manures and also bone meal or blood meals and also liquid fertilizers.
Harvest time: The chilli is ready for harvest after 100-120 days of planting. It's continually growing up to 5-8 months for good plant care.
Edible part: Green and red chilli
Plant life span: 5-8 months
Plant protection for my chilli
Fruit borer Management :
Organic methods to control insects set up pheromone traps, Neem oil spray 2-5ml per/liter.
Spray the insecticide fipronil 5% SC 2 ml/ lit or Flubendiamide 480 SC 2.5 ml/ lit.
Sucking pests (Aphids,thrips, whitefly and mites )
To control spray Neem oil 2-5ml per / liter or imidacloprid 17.8 % SL 2-3 ml / liter or dimethoate 30 % EC or Fipronil 5% SC 1-2 ml/ liter of water
To control the damping off treat with seed trichoderma viride 0.5g or Pseudomonas as soil application. Drench Copper oxychloride at 2-2.5g/ liter of water.
To control spot spray neem oil 2-5 ml or mancozeb 2g/ lit or copper oxychloride 2.5g/ lit
Spray wettable sulphur 3g/lit or carbendazim 1.5 g/ lit. 2-3 spray with 15
Fruit rot and anthracnose
Spray neem oil 2-5ml/lit or copper oxychloride 2.5g /lit.twice in 14 days.
Leaf curl virus
Destroy the affected plant control the aphid as an early stage to avoid to spread the virus
Plant care and maintenance
Apply regular organic nourishment for the plants
Plants require little water when necessary and avoid overwatering .
On rainy days flower drops will be heavy due to pollen washout or failure of fruit set.
Remove the older and unhealthy affected leaves and branches of plants and give regular air circulation to all the branches of plants