Updated: Feb 22
This guide will help you:
✅ Choose the right planter for Sun flower.
✅ Make a potting mix for Sun flower.
✅ Where to grow the Sun flower at home.
✅ And also give you a schedule to add nutrients and water for the plant.
Excited to start? check out the sections in the article to read faster.
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Sections in this article:
Hindi name: सूरज का फूल
Kannada name: ಸೂರ್ಯ ಹೂವು
Tamil name: சூரிய மலர்
Telugu name: సూర్య పుష్పం
Family : Asteraceae
Native : Mexico
Materials needed to grow Sun flower.
Soil: Well-drained organic soil (loose) or enriched potting mixture (free from pest and disease)
pH: The ideal pH of plant is 6 to 7
Planting container size : A good drainage 14 to 16 inch diameter and 12-18 deep inches ideal.
Where do I grow Sun flower at home?
Climate: It is a cool-season crop. It commonly grows in cool and moist conditions.
Temperature: The ideal temperature range from 21 - 27 C
Sun light: The sun light requirement more than 6 hrs
Type of plants: Oil seed crop (Annual)
Starting my Sun flower plant.
Season: Best season for growing in winter (Jan, Feb, March, and Dec)
Propagation : The beetroot is propagated by seeds.
Planting depth: 2-3cm depth then cover the seeds
Planting : The normal spacing between plant to plant 15 cm to 15cm.
Caring for my Sun flower plant.
Water requirement: Watering once a day. Avoid watering rainy days.
Nutrient: Apply well-decomposed plant and animal waste manures and also bone meals or blood meals and liquid fertilizers.
Harvest time: The flower will start after 90-100 days of planting.
Edible part: Root and tender leaves
Plant life span: up to 4 months
Plant protection for my Sun flower
Aphids, white flies, Thrips, Leaf miners, cut worm and weevils
Organic methods to control Neem oil spray 2-5ml per/liter. It can be controlled by spraying Malathion 50 EC 2 ml/lit or Imidacloprid 70 % WG 0.5 g / lit or 1-1.5 ml/ lit or azadirachtin 1.0% EC 3ml/ lit.
Foliar spray with 0.3 percent Mancozeb four times at an interval of 10 days controls the disease.
Sclerotium wilt or rot
Collection and destroy the affected plant material and roots. Seed treatment with Captan or Carboxin 3g/kg and drenching the base of the plant with Carbendazim 1g/lit
Treat with Metalaxyl at the rate of 3 g per kg
Sunflower mosaic virus (SMV)
Mainly transmitted through insects and control the pests
Spray Mancozeb 1-2 g/ lit of water.
Cercospora leaf spot
Spray along with neem oil 2ml per liter of water with copper oxychloride 2g per liter of water or Mancozeb g/ lit of water
Rhizoctonia root rot
Rhizoctonia root rots major diseases during the early stage of the seedling can be controlled by spot drenching with Carbendazim at 1 g/lit or bevistin 1-2 g /lit.
Control to spray Mancozeb 2 g/ lit of water.
Plant care and maintenance
Apply regular organic nourishment for the plants
Weekly once neem spray to reduce the pest and diseases.
Plants require little water when necessary and avoid over watering.
Remove the older and unhealthy affected leaves and branches of plants and its give regular air circulation into the all the branches of plants its help full for disease-free plant
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